AI with infrared imaging enables precise colon cancer diagnostics

AI with infrared imaging enables precise colon cancer diagnostics
Graphical abstract. Credit: European Journal of Cancer (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.12.026

The immense progress in the field of therapy options over the past years has significantly improved the chances of cure for patients with colon cancer. However, these new approaches, such as immunotherapies, require precise diagnosis so that they can be specifically tailored to the individual.

Researchers at the Center for Protein Diagnostics PRODI at Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, are using artificial intelligence in combination with infrared imaging to optimally tailor therapy to individual patients. The label-free and automatable method can complement existing pathological analyses. The team led by Professor Klaus Gerwert reported their findings in the European Journal of Cancer in January 2023.

Deep insights into human tissue within one hour

The PRODI team has been developing a new digital imaging method over the past few years: the so-called label-free infrared (IR) imaging measures the genomic and proteomic composition of the examined tissue, i.e., provides based on the infrared spectra. This information is decoded with the help of and displayed as false-color images. To do this, the researchers use image analysis methods from the field of deep learning.

In cooperation with clinical partners, the PRODI team was able to show that the use of deep neural networks makes it possible to reliably determine microsatellite status, a prognostically and therapeutically relevant parameter, in colon cancer. In this process, the goes through a standardized, user-independent, automated process and enables a spatially resolved differential classification of the tumor within one hour.

Indication of the effectiveness of therapies

In classical diagnostics, microsatellite status is determined either by complex immunostaining of various proteins or by DNA analysis. “15% to 20% of colon cancer patients show in the tumor tissue,” says Professor Andrea Tannapfel, head of the Institute of Pathology at Ruhr University. “This instability is a positive biomarker indicating that immunotherapy will be effective.”

With the ever-improving therapy options, the fast and uncomplicated determination of such biomarkers is also becoming more and more important. Based on IR microscopic data, neuronal networks were modified, optimized, and trained at PRODI to establish label-free diagnostics. Unlike immunostaining, this approach does not require dyes and is significantly faster than DNA analysis.

“We were able to show that the accuracy of IR imaging for determining microsatellite status comes close to the most common method used in the clinic, immunostaining,” says Ph.D. student Stephanie Schörner. “Through constant further development and optimization of the method, we expect a further increase in accuracy,” adds Dr. Frederik Großerüschkamp.

More information:
Klaus Gerwert et al, Fast and label-free automated detection of microsatellite status in early colon cancer using artificial intelligence integrated infrared imaging, European Journal of Cancer (2023). DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2022.12.026

AI with infrared imaging enables precise colon cancer diagnostics (2023, February 14)
retrieved 14 February 2023

This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no
part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

#infrared #imaging #enables #precise #colon #cancer #diagnostics
Also Read:

Free Lifetime VPN

Stream Free Latest Tv-shows and Movies Online

Watch Live Channels

Leave a Comment